Are You a Christian or a Disciple? Is There a Difference? Why It Matters! - page 7

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From the Summer 2014 issue of Knowing & Doing:  

Are You a Christian or a Disciple?
Is There a Difference? Why It Matters!

by Thomas A. Tarrants, III, D.Min.
Vice President of Ministry, C.S. Lewis Institute

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1. Horst Balz and Gerhard Schneider, ed., Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament (Grand Rapids:  Eerdmans, 1993), 477–78.
2. G. Kittel, G. Friedrich, and G.W. Bromiley, Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, vol. 9 (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1964), 534.
3. W.H.C. Frend, The Rise of Christianity (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1984), 89.
4. F.F. Bruce, The Book of the Acts, New International Commentary of the New Testament (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1979), 242, n. 26, drawing on an essay by E.J Bickerman in Harvard Theological Review.
5.  John Stott, The Spirit, the Church and the World (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 1990), 205.
6.  Ibid., 205.
7.  C.K. Barrett, A Critical and Exegetical Commentary of the Acts of the Apostles, International Critical Commentary, vol. 1 (Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1994), 548.
8. Acts 11:19–21.
9. James S. Jeffers, The Greco-Roman World of the New Testament Era (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 1999), 288; see also R.K. Harrison, ed. Major Cities of the Biblical World (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1985), 15.
10. Scripture quotations in this article are from the English Standard Version.
11. Bauer, Arndt, Gingerich, s.v. mathetes.
12. For the history, see Michael Wilkins, Discipleship in the Ancient World and Mathew’s Gospel (Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1995). Also see Following the Master (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1992), 71–94.
13. Wilkins, Following the Master, XX.]
14. William L. Kynes, PhD, New Testament scholar, pastor, and currently moderator of the Evangelical Free Church of America, in private correspondence with author.
15. Donald A. Hagner, Word Biblical Commentary, Matthew 14-28, v.2 (Dallas, Texas: Word Books, 1995), 886; See also, Michael J. Wilkins, The NIV Application Commentary: Matthew (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2004), 951
16. Darrell Bock, A Theology of Luke-Acts (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2012), 323.
17. Ibid., 323–30.
18. Ibid., 323–24.
19. Wilkins, Following the Master, 249.
20. Ibid. See also Richard Longenecker, ed., Studies in Hermeneutics, Christology and Discipleship (Sheffield, England: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2006), 248, 261–61.
21. Wilkins, Following the Master, 40.
22. See John Stott’s commentary, The Message of the Sermon on the Mount (InterVarsity Press). One of the best books of all time is Martyn Lloyd-Jones, The Sermon on the Mount (Eerdmans).
23. Helpful resources to grow in your own understanding discipleship include Michael Wilkins, In His Image (NavPress) and Greg Ogden, Transforming Discipleship (InterVarsity). You should read at least these two books before discipling someone.
24. An excellent resource guide is the workbook by Greg Ogden, Discipleship Essentials (InterVarsity). A great follow-up study is his The Essential Commandment (InterVarsity).
25. Randy Newman, Questioning Evangelism (Kregel). A very helpful little booklet to give people is Two Ways to Live (Matthias Media).
26. John R.W. Stott, “In Christ,” The Meaning and Implications of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Address to the Leadership Luncheon, National Prayer Breakfast, Washington, DC, 1983.

Thomas A. Tarrants, III, D. Min. Vice President of Ministry, C.S. Lewis Institute, has lived in the Washington, D.C., area since 1978 and served as president of the C.S. Lewis Institute from 1998 to April 2010. Prior to coming to the Institute, he served as co-pastor of Christ Our Shepherd Church and Director of The School for Urban Mission, both based in Washington, D.C. He is the author of two books and is a consultant for Church Discipleship Services, developing discipleship programs and materials to strengthen the local church. Tom earned a Master of Divinity degree from Eastern Mennonite Seminary and Doctor of Ministry from Fuller Theological Seminary. He is an ordained minister in the Evangelical Church Alliance.


Recommended Reading:
Transforming Discipleship: Making Disciples a Few at a Time, by Greg Ogden, IVP Books

In Transforming Discipleship Greg Ogden introduces his vision for discipleship, emphasizing that solutions will not be found in large-scale, finely-tuned, resource-heavy programs. Instead, Ogden recovers Jesus' method of accomplishing life change by investing in just a few people at a time. And he shows how discipleship can become a self-replicating process with ongoing impact from generation to generation. Biblical, practical and tremendously effective, Transforming Discipleship provides the insights and philosophy of ministry behind Ogden's earlier work, Discipleship Essentials. Together, these ground-breaking books have the potential to transform how your church transforms the lives of its people.

COPYRIGHT NOTICE:  Knowing & Doing is published by C.S. Lewis Institute; 8001 Braddock Road, Suite 301; Springfield, VA 22151. Portions of the publication may be reproduced for noncommercial, local church or ministry use without prior permission. Electronic copies of the PDF files may be duplicated and transmitted via e-mail for personal and church use. Articles may not be modified without prior written permission of the Institute. For questions, contact the Institute: 703.914.5602 or email us.
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