David Livingstone (1813–1873): “He lived and died for good.” - page 7

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From the Fall 2013 issue of Knowing & Doing:  


David Livingstone (1813 -  1873)
"He lived and died for good."

by David B. Calhoun
Professor Emeritus of Church History Covenant Theological Seminary, St. Louis, Missouri

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1. There are impressive statues of David Livingstone in Princes Street Gardens in Edinburgh and at Cathedral Square in Glasgow.
2. Jim Gilchrist, “Dr. Livingstone, I Presume,” Scottish Life, Spring 2013, 39–43, 73.
3. Ibid., 73.
4. Ibid.
5. Ibid.
6. Cecil Northcott, David Livingstone: His Triumph, Decline, and Fall (Philadelphia: Westminster, 1973), 20.
7. Ibid., 22.
8. Ibid., 14.
9. Andrew F. Walls, “David Livingstone 1813–1873: Awakening the Western World to Africa,” in Mission Legacies: Biographical Studies of Leaders of the Modern Missionary Movement, ed. Gerald H. Anderson, Robert T. Coote, Norman A. Horner, and James M. Phillips (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 1994), 145–46.
10. Northcott, David Livingstone, 67.
11. There is a Mary Moffat Museum at her birthplace, Griquatown, eight hundred miles north of Cape Town.
12. “David Livingstone: Missionary Explorer in Africa,” Christian History 56: 30.
13. Northcott, David Livingstone, 85.
14. Julie Davidson, Looking for Mrs. Livingstone (Edinburgh: St. Andrew Press, 2012).
15. McCall Smith made several journeys to Botswana to visit a childhood friend, Howard Moffat (a member of the same family as Robert Moffat and Mary Moffat Livingstone), who ran a small hospital in a village north of Gaborone. McCall Smith writes, “I had always admired Howard’s work, which has been much the same in its concerns and spirit as that of his missionary forebears.” McCall Smith’s visits to Botswana became the inspiration for his famous No. 1 Ladies’ Dectective Agency series.
16. Northcott, David Livingstone, 37.
17. Ibid. Punch on the burial of David Livingstone.
18. Tim Jeal, Livingstone (New York: G.P. Putnam’s, 1973), 1.
19. Stephen Neill, Review of David Livingstone: The Dark Interior, by Oliver Ransford, Churchman 93, no. 1 (1979), 75.
20. Ibid., 74.
21. Northcott, David Livingstone, 9.
22. Gilchrist, “Dr. Livingstone,” 15.  
23. See Northcott, David Livingstone, chap. 7, “Sizing up the Doctor,” 89–105.  
24. Ibid., 31.
25. Ibid., 14.
26. Ibid., 11.
27. Ibid., 68.
28. Neill, Churchman, 74.
29. See The Spiritual in the Secular: Missionaries and Knowledge about Africa, ed. Patrick Harries and David Maxwell (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2012), 49–51.
30. Northcott, David Livingstone, 32.
31. “David Livingstone,” Christian History, 35.
32. Walls, “David Livingstone,” 146.
33. Northcott, David Livingstone, 13–14.
34. Walls, “David Livingstone,” 146.
35. Northcott, David Livingstone, 122.
36. Ibid., 129.
37. Walls, “David Livingstone,” 146.
38. See Fidelis Nkomazana, “Earliest Southern African Biblical Interpretation,” in The Bible in Africa: Transactions, Trajectories, and Trends (Leiden: Brill, 2000), 223–35.
39. “David Livingstone,” Christian History, 41.
40. William Monk, ed., Dr. Livingstone’s Cambridge Lectures (Cambridge: Deighton, Bell, 1860), 168.
41. Jeal, Livingstone, 1, 384.
42. Philip Jenkins, The New Faces of Christianity: Believing the Bible in the Global South (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006), 9.
43. Walls, “David Livingstone,” 145–46.
44. Biographical Dictionary of Evangelicals (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2003), 370.

David B. Calhoun is Professor Emeritus of Church History at Covenant Theological Seminary in St. Louis, Missouri.  A minister of the Presbyterian Church in America, he has taught at Covenant College, Columbia Bible College (now Columbia International University), and Jamaica Bible College (where he was also principal).  He has served with Ministries in Action in the West Indies and in Europe and as dean of the Iona Centres for Theological Study.  He was a board member (and for some years president) of Presbyterian Mission International, a mission board that assists nationals who are Covenant Seminary graduates to return to their homelands for ministry.  Dr. Calhoun is also the author of various histories concerning several historic churches and a book on John Bunyan (Grace Abounding:  John Bunyan and His Books).

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