John Wycliffe: “The Morning Star of the Reformation” - page 5


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From the Winter 2012 issue of Knowing & Doing:  

PROFILE IN FAITH

John Wycliffe:  

"The Morning Star of the Reformation"1 

by David B. Calhoun
Professor Emeritus of Church History, Covenant Theological Seminary, St. Louis, Missouri

 
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Notes
1. Daniel Neal, The History of the Puritans (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1824), 1:29.
2. Montagu Burrows, Wyclif’s Place in History (London: W. Isbister, 1884). Quoted in Christian History 2, no. 2: 2.
3. Matthew Spinka, ed., Advocates of Reform: From Wyclif to Erasmus (Philadelphia: Westminster, 1953), 24.
4. Douglas C. Wood, The Evangelical Doctor: John Wycliffe and the Lollards (Welwyn, Hertfordshire, England: Evangelical Press, 1984), 38.
5. Ibid., 76.
6. Ibid., 56.
7. Ibid., 97.
8. Ibid., 41.
9. Quoted in Christian History, 23.
10. Ibid., 25.
11. G.H.W. Parker, The Morning Star: Wycliffe and the Dawn of the Reformation (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1966), 37.
12. Ibid., 41.
13. Spinka, Advocates of Reform, 29.
14. Wycliffe’s example inspires the work of the Wycliffe Bible Translators, founded in 1934. In 2010 there were translations of the entire Bible or some portion of it in 2,500 of the 6,860 languages of the world. The Wycliffe Bible Translators and others are at work translating the Word of God into the remaining languages of the earth. See “A Fellow’s Journey from Washington to Wycliffe,” by Jeanne Thum in Knowing & Doing, Fall 2012.
15. Wood, Evangelical Doctor, 102.
16. Spinka, Advocates of Reform, 47.
17. Ibid., 48.
18. Ibid.
19. Wood, Evangelical Doctor, 87.
20. William Haller’s The Rise of Puritanism (New York: Harper, 1957) begins with a question: Who was the first Puritan? Haller answers that “Chaucer met one on the road to Canterbury and drew his portrait” (3).
21. Peter Ackroyd, The Canterbury Tales: Geoffrey Chaucer. A Retelling (New York: Viking Penguin, 2009), 16–17, 434.
22. The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, 3rd ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997), 994. With the Lollards, George Wishart found a safe haven during his preaching tours in Scotland of the 1540s; John Knox was active among them in the 1550s. “Lollards” was one of the first names given to British Protestants.
23. Wood, Evangelical Doctor, 135.
24. New York Times Book Review, August 12, 2012, 17.
25. Thomas Fuller, The Church History of Britain (1655; repr. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1845), 424.

David B. Calhoun is Professor Emeritus of Church History at Covenant Theological Seminary in St. Louis, Missouri.  A minister of the Presbyterian Church in America, he has taught at Covenant College, Columbia Bible College (now Columbia International University), and Jamaica Bible College (where he was also principal).  He has served with Ministries in Action in the West Indies and in Europe and as dean of the Iona Centres for Theological Study.  He was a board member (and for some years president) of Presbyterian Mission International, a mission board that assists nationals who are Covenant Seminary graduates to return to their homelands for ministry.  Dr. Calhoun is also the author of various histories concerning several historic churches and a book on John Bunyan (Grace Abounding:  John Bunyan and His Books).

 
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